Thyroid Problems

Equip yourself. Learn about thyroid problems.

Thyroid Tumors

Thyroid tumors may be either benign or malignant (thyroid cancer). If cancer is present, it can take iodine from the patient. Prognosis depends upon the individual case, including whether the tumor is benign or malignant, the patient's age, and other health status.

Several classifications of thyroid tumors include:

Anaplastic cancer
Follicular cancer
Lymphoma
Medullary cancer
Papillary cancer
Thyroid adenoma

Early symptoms of a thyroid tumor or thyroid cancer include:

Enlarged lymph node
Thyroid nodule

Later symptoms may include:

Anterior neck pain
Voice changes

If a thyroid tumor, or thyroid cancer, is suspected, a doctor or medical professional may be consulted for diagnosis. Once the tumor is identified, it may be possible for treatment to begin.


If it's cancer...

As mentioned, tumors can be either benign or malignant. A thyroid neoplasm may refer to either kind, whereas thyroid cancer is the malignant form. Neoplasms of this gland are first diagnosed most commonly between the ages of 25 and 65. This issue occurs more frequently in women than it does in men.

In terms of all thyroid nodules, only around 5 percent are malignant. If the situation does turn out to be cancer, most frequently, it is the papillary form, which tends to make up between 75 to 85 percent of thyroid cancer cases. This generally has a positive prognosis, relative to other forms in general. The follicular type follows in frequency, at between 10 and 20 percent of cases. Anywhere between 5 and 10 percent are thought to be of the medullary kind, while the anaplastic form is considered to make up less than 5 percent of all cases.

Treatment

Keep in mind that the method of treatment may vary from one type to the next, and of course it may be different in any given case due to particular factors. Surgery is one method, and it may be necessary in some cases. There are at least a few different surgical procedures that may be used, one of which is a thyroidectomy. In some situations, other treatment methods may be used.