Osteoporosis is a type of bone disease. In it, the bone mineral density in the patient is decreased. Other aspects of the bones can also be affected. This condition brings an increased incidence of bone fracture.
Osteoporosis can appear in different forms, which are known as primary type 1 (PT1), primary type 2 (PT2) and secondary. PT1 frequently occurs in post-menopausal women. PT2 takes place in people of ages 75 and above, and although it affects females more frequently, both genders can develop it. The secondary form of osteoporosis occurs in both males and females at relatively equal levels, and it can occur in people of any age.
There are no particular symptoms related to this condition. In other words, it is considered to be asymptomatic. The issue in those who do have osteoporosis is the raised rate of bone fractures. Such broken bones that are considered to be related to the disease are those which take place under circumstances that would not cause a fracture in individuals that were healthy.
Different factors are considered to increase the risk of development of osteoporosis. Some are not modifiable, such as aging and being of a particular ethnicity (European or Asian in particular). Genetics also seems to be involved to some extent. There are also numerous circumstances that may be modifiable which can also contribute to the development of this condition. A deficiency of vitamin D, drinking excessive amounts of alcohol, being physically inactive or underweight, and a low protein diet are some examples. Certain diseases are also risk factors, such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, diabetes (type 1 and 2), and others. The use of some medications has also been associated with a greater incidence of osteoporosis.
Diagnosis and treatment
A doctor or medical professional is the one who attempts to diagnose a case of osteoporosis. Various methods can be used, including X-ray technology. Once the disease has been diagnosed, a qualified person might prescribe a certain treatment method. Medications are often used. Certain vitamin or mineral supplements might also be prescribed. Exercise is an option that can be used in some cases. Please keep in mind to follow professional advice on this matter and not attempt to choose a course of treatment based upon information found here.
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