Lymphoma may occur in one of many different types, and are classified under a more broad disease group called hematological neoplasms. It is a solid neoplasm, which has its origin in the lymphocytes (a kind of white blood cells).
All lymphomas together make up roughly 5 percent of cancer cases in the United States, as well as over 55 percent of blood malignancies. Individuals with a weakened immune system, for example due to medication or HIV infection, are at greater risk of developing lymphoma.
This malignancy is labeled in a wide sense as either Hodgkin's lymphoma or non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The name is derived from Thomas Hodgkin, who discovered the condition in 1832. Classification is also done by cell type, with the main groups being: B cell tumors, T cell tumors, NK (natural killer) cell tumors, and again Hodgkin lymphoma. Less common groups also exist.
When a case of lymphoma is present, there can be particular symptoms. Keep in mind that those mentioned on this page do not make up an exhaustive list. Not having one of these does not mean that someone does not have lymphoma. On the other hand, a person does not necessarily have this cancer simply by having one or more of these symptoms, as they can also be due to other reasons.
The individual might feel a general sense of fatigue. Weight loss and anorexia are some possible symptoms as well. Swollen lymph nodes, a condition known as lymphadenopathy, might occur. The individual may have sleep hyperhidrosis, commonly known as night sweats. It is also possible for shortness of breath to be experienced.
Once a doctor has diagnosed a case of lymphoma, then it may be possible for treatment to begin. There are different methods available, and particular types of this cancer may call for the use of various options. Other factors might be taken into consideration as well. For instance, in low-grade cases that have begun to show symptoms, the doctor may recommend radiotherapy or chemotherapy.
Other thyroid cancers include:
Additionally, there are non-cancerous thyroid adenoma tumors.