Thyroid Problems

Equip yourself. Learn about thyroid problems.

Goiter

A goiter is a type of swelling in the neck brought on by an enlarged thyroid gland. It is also known as a bronchocele. There are several types of goiters, including:

Diffuse goiter (spread throughout thyroid, a.k.a. multinodular goiter or simple goiter)

Nontoxic goiter (occurring with normal or low thyroid levels)

Toxic goiter (occurring with hyperthyroidism)

Causes

Various medical situations can lead to the development of a goiter. Quite frequently, this condition is caused by an iodine deficiency. That is not always the reason behind it, though, and some of the other potential items are:

Congenital hypothyroidism
Graves' disease
Hashimoto's thyroiditis
Pharmacological therapy
Thyroid cancer
Thyroiditis

Symptoms

Aside from the enlargement of the neck that is apparent, other symptoms may also be present in a person with a goiter. For instance, an underlying thyroid condition, such as a form of hypothyroidism, may lead to symptoms of its own. When a toxic goiter is present, there may be symptoms brought on by the case of hyperthyroidism. More information about thyroid symptoms in general can also be browsed.


Diagnosis

This condition is diagnosed by a physician or other person who is qualified in the field of medicine. The diagnosis may also include discovery of the underlying medical cause, which can affect what direction the doctor goes in prescribing a treatment method. Note that attempting to make a self-diagnosis based on information such as that provided at this website is not a way to receive professional quality medical advice and attention related to this medical condition.

Treatment

Options for treatment of a goiter depend upon many factors. Treatment, in fact, may not be required if the goiter is small enough in size. Many options may revolve around treating the underlying condition -- for instance, hypothyroidism, etc. Some other methods of treatment that may be employed are:Additional treatment possibilities include:

Antithyroid drugs for Graves' disease
Radioactive iodine (iodine-131)
Thyroidectomy