Thyroid Problems

Equip yourself. Learn about thyroid problems.

Follicular Thyroid Cancer

Follicular thyroid cancer is one malignancy that can affect this particular gland. In terms of demographics, it is a more common type of thyroid cancer in women who are past the age of 50 years. Follicular thyroid cancer differs from the papillary form in that it generally metastasizes to the patient's bones and lungs by way of his bloodstream, while the latter more often metastasizes to the lymph nodes that are found in the neck.

Diagnosis

If you are thinking that you or someone you know might have follicular thyroid cancer, please talk with a medical professional. Diagnosis is made by such a professional, and the details you read on this site are not intended to replace seeing a doctor. Different methods are used for detection, and this may also vary based upon whether the the physician is looking for an initial diagnosis, or checking to see whether the maligancy is recurring.

Treatment

Treatment for follicular thyroid cancer typically involves surgery, which is then followed up by radioiodine therapy. Both hemithyroidectomy and total thyroidectomy (removal of the whole thyroid) are possible surgical procedures, depending upon certain circumstances.


Prognosis

In general, the five-year rate of survival in cases of this type of thyroid cancer is just past 90 percent. At the ten-year marker, the rate is 85 percent. However, cases are also separated by stages. Under this type of classification, stages I and II have a 100 percent survival rate after five years, whereas stage IV (the other end of the spectrum) is only 50 percent.

Incidence and further details

In terms of all thyroid cancers, the follicular form makes up about 15 percent of cases. About half of the time, this follicular type will involve Ras subfamily mutation.

Other thyroid cancers include:

Anaplastic cancer

Lymphoma

Medullary cancer

Papillary cancer

Additionally, there are non-cancerous thyroid adenoma tumors.